Jean-Paul Sarte was a philosopher born in Paris, France in 1905 and passed away in 1980. He earned his doctorate in Philosophy in Paris, France. After graduating he was drafted into the french army as a meteorologist. He was then captured by German soldiers and imprisoned for nine months. A few months after he was released he wrote Being and Nothingness, The Flies and No Exit, the existentialist works that created a large fan base for him. It is said that the motivation for these works came from his time during war. Sarte till this day is known as the pioneer of Existentialism.
Existentialism is a philosophy concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility. Overall people are becoming who they are through experiences. There is a need to choose what they want to do with out any outside forces or laws. They want individualism in a society, and believe that who ever is in power has the ability to shape the people’s beliefs. They believe that this destroys individualism. Existentialism became a philosophy after World War II. People saw how someone in power had the ability to speak into others lives, and use their power for bad instead of good. They desired for a world where people had minds of their own, and did not allow for outer influences.